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Mainstreaming Poverty-Environment-Gender-Climate Change into Local Economic Development and Sustainable Development Goals Localization for Sustainable Development and Poverty Eradication in Tanzania (Poverty-Environment Action Technical Assistance in Tanzania)

Poverty-Environment Action Technical Assistance in Tanzania is contributing towards the outcome of the broader United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) project, Increased public and private investments with enhanced impacts on multidimensional poverty reduction, inequality, environment and natural resource sustainability, climate resilience and achievement of FYDP II, MKUZA III and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) objectives.


The technical advisory services will be delivered within the framework of a broader UNDP County Office project and partnerships will be sought with the following actors: Tanzania Ministry of Finance and Planning (Poverty Eradication Department), UN Women, UNDP, United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF), the University of Dar es Salaam and the Institute of Rural Development Planning (IRTP), the private sector and civil society as well as the environment donor working group and specifically European Union and Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida).


Poverty-Environment Action Technical Assistance in Tanzania will focus on increasing public and private investments in sustainable use of environment and natural resources and climate resilience with enhanced impacts on multi-dimensional poverty reduction, inequality, environment and natural resource sustainability, climate resilience and the achievement of national development plan targets and related SDG objectives. The project impact can therefore be expressed as: multidimensional poverty and inequality reduced.

Mainstreaming Context

Tanzania’s land, forests, water and biodiversity are the cornerstone of the country’s economy. 76 % of rural people in Tanzania depend on various environment and natural resources for their livelihoods. Poverty in Tanzania is more prominent in rural (33%) than in urban areas (22%) areas.  Hence, women, men, girls and boys living in poverty are impacted by environmental degradation in multiple ways affecting their possibilities to escape poverty. Overexploitation of natural resources is moreover costing the country US$1 billion annually evidenced by the degradation of cropland, rangeland, forestry and destruction of fish habitats and species, increasing water and soil pollution and deteriorating biodiversity.

The Government is taking this issue seriously and has together with the Poverty-Environment Initiative (PEI) (2005-2018) integrated poverty-environment objectives into national, sector and district policies, budgets and investment guides. Despite the progress made, multidimensional poverty, inequalities, climate change and environmental sustainability persists. Hence, the Poverty-Environment Action related development challenge can be formulated as insufficient investments in sustainable environment and natural resource use and climate resilience constraints which inhibits the achievement of social, economic and environmental development goals in Tanzania.

Main Activities
  • Strengthened technical capacities of national and sub-national government entities to enhance coherence integration of poverty-environment-gender-climate change objectives in have in planning and budgeting processes
  • Enhance capacities of Local Government Authorities (LGAs) and partnerships with private sector to increase investments and resources that deliver gender responsive livelihood improvement and poverty eradication, environment and natural resource sustainability, and SDGs at sub-national level
Expected Achievements
  • Capacitate national ministries, department and agencies (MDAs) and selected local government authorities in developing and applying poverty assessment and poverty reduction targeting tools
  • Capacitate sub-national level to mobilize poverty eradicating investments that are poverty-environment gender and climate compliant from traditional and non-traditional sources
Lessons Learned

With its institutional memory from the implementation of the Poverty-Environment Initiative and experience of promoting integrated approaches for environmental sustainability, climate action and poverty reduction, Poverty-Environment Action has been welcomed by the Government of Tanzania to provide this type support which will also help to operationalize an integrated approach to the 2030 agenda. Lessons learned highlight the importance to ensure that pressure to demonstrate immediate economic gains does not result in decisions and investments that are not environmentally, socially and economically sustainable in the long term. It is about making sure that the environmental dimension of sustainable development is not left behind when addressing the poverty and broader economic growth aspects of Agenda 2030 and the SDGs as this relates to Tanzania’s Five-Year Development Plan and Poverty Reduction Action Plan.

The Way Forward

The essence of the Poverty-Environment Action’s sustainability approach is to build on the successes of PEI Tanzania to date, and focus on strengthening local planning, investment and capacity gaps through continuing pro-active engagement in the relevant development processes.  The focus on catalyzing increased investments in pro-poor environment and natural resource and climate resilience programmes and projects that generate sustainable economic benefits is a key element of the sustainability strategy.

By focusing on a small number of pilot districts and using the results in these districts to influence national level guidance and investment priorities that guide all districts, results will be scaled-up and sustained, including through the application of PEI lessons learnt in Rwanda through the technical advisory support.