Located on the eastern coast of southern Africa, the Republic of Mozambique has the third-longest coastline on the African continent. Its 2,770 kilometres long coast is home to about 60 percent of its 29.5 million people and hosts critical ecosystems, such as mangroves, reefs, bays, and dunes, amongst others. i The rest of the country is primarily dominated by savannah and secondary forests. Mozambique borders Tanzania to its north, Malawi and Zambia to its north-west, Zimbabwe to its west, and South Africa and Eswatini to its south. Its coastline faces Madagascar to its east. Four of its six neighbouring countries are landlocked, providing Mozambique with potential strategic economic benefits as a conduit for those countries to global markets. Mozambique’s youth is rapidly growing, with around 45 percent of its population being under the age of 15ii. While this presents the country with a relatively large potential pool of labour, weak economic opportunities resulting from multiple development challenges, including widespread poverty, gaps in the education system, low life expectancy, and high mortality rates, hamper Mozambique from benefitting from this vital economic resource. Mozambique mostly depends on rain-fed agriculture for subsistence and export gains. In 2019, 71.3 percent of the country’s total workforce was employed in the agriculture sector, which together with the forestry and fishery sector, contributes to around 24.5 percent (2018) of its national Gross Domestic Product.iii
“Building resilience and adaptative capacities in Mozambique’s community, ecosystem and economy are key for successful development planning in our country.” - Ms Ivete Maibaze, Minister of Land and Environment, Ministry for Land and Environment.