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  • File Name:
    Pilot Integrated Ecosystem Assessment of Bugesera_Rwanda.pdf
    File Size:
    1.86 MB
    File Type:
    PDF
    Publish Date:
    January 2007

Stagnating or slow economic growth and escalating poverty has been associated with decline or total loss of ecosystem services. For instance, the real gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate for Rwanda declined from 9.4% in 2002 to 0.9% in 2003, as a result of the decline in agricultural production. This drop in agricultural production was precipitated, to a large measure by long and severe drought (MINECOFIN 2003a, MINECOFIN 2004a, MINECOFIN 2004b), which also resulted in food insecurity that affected about one-fifth of the country’s population and consequently impacting on several other aspects of human well-being such as increase in malnutrition rates, ill health and a drop in house hold incomes (FEWs Net 2003). The main objective of the PEI in Rwanda is to develop capacity for mainstreaming environmental issues into the national development framework, principally the Economic Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (EDPRS), by deepening understanding of the complex links between poverty, human wellbeing and environment. The Bugesera Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) was conducted as a pilot study to explore the linkages between human wellbeing and ecosystem services in Rwanda.