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Mozambique
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Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Resilient and Equitable Development (SUNRED II)

Influence climate and environmental budgeting and expenditures across sectors and strengthen management of natural resource revenues to optimize revenue collection and benefit-sharing mechanisms with vulnerable groups to promote environmental sustainability.

Partner(s)

The Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF), the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER).

Focus
Mainstreaming Context

Mozambique has 68% of the population live and work in rural areas, and rural poverty levels (50.1%) are much higher than urban poverty levels (37.4%). Mozambique’s economy growth driven by foreign direct investment in natural capital and extractive sectors put great pressure on natural resources resulting in alarming levels of deforestation, land degradation, loss of crops, livestock and incomes with climate change being both a driver as well as a cause. Non-inclusive and unsustainable environment and natural resources management and climate change hampers efforts to eradicate poverty and gender inequalities and enhance climate resilience in Mozambique.

Main Activities
  • Strengthen the integration and coherence of poverty-environment and climate objectives into policies, plans, regulations and budgets of Mozambique at sector and district level.
  • Establish cross-sector coordination mechanism to support mainstreaming and policy coherence of poverty-environment objectives for poverty reduction at national level.
  • Shift public investment in natural resource management to support poverty reduction and environmentally sustainable economic growth.
  • Support the management and allocation of natural resource revenues from three key sectors—mining, forestry and wildlife—which has an immense potential to contribute to poverty reduction.
Expected Achievements
  • Planners across sectors will deepen and broaden the application of the poverty-environment and climate mainstreaming tools and system that have been developed by Ministry of Economy and Finance and Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development during Poverty-Environment Initiative project.
  • The tools to identify climate vulnerabilities, appraise adaptation options and mainstream climate change adaptation will be developed and tested in the fisheries’ sector.
  • Poverty-environment and climate including gender linked considerations will be integrated into the Government of Mozambique’s new planning and budget system (SPO), which is of critical importance to ensure that existing and updated poverty-environment tools, guidelines and training materials are part of the annual planning and budget system trainings for planning and budget officers.
  • The national Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Reference Group will be supported to include environmental sustainability and climate adaptation into the Sustainable Development Goals’ implementation.
  • Poverty-Environment Action will support the operationalization of the environmental inter-institutional coordination mechanism lead by the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development.
  • Poverty-Environment Action will support the implementation of the Strategy for the Sea (spatial marine planning).
  • The National Adaptation Plan(NAP)’s mandate and coordination and implementation mechanism will be defined and approved.
  • The Green Human Development component of Sustainable Management of Natural resources for Resilient and Equitable Development (SUNRED) umbrella framework will work to integrated environmental sustainability for poverty reduction into national legislations, and also improve capacity to produce, monitor and use Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development–Sustainable Development Goals (MITADER–SDG) indicators.
  • The key reports for the environment, such as the Environment Outlook Report, Sustainable Development Goals progress, will be elaborated and/or disseminated.
  • The capacity of Mozambique National Meteorology Institute (INAM) will be enhanced to acquire meteorological data, model it, forecasts, elaborate downscaled climate change scenarios and develop meteorological products addressing the sectoral needs.
  • The National Strategy for Monitoring Adaptation and Mitigation Climate Change will be updated to include the National Adaptation Plan process associated with a Transparency Portal.
  • Environmental and social impact assessment of the mining sector on artisanal fisheries will be assessed and strengthened.
  • Poverty-Environment Action will help improve natural resource revenues collection system and shift the allocation of such revenues to better contribute to poverty reduction and environmental sustainability, and this work will crucially be delivered at sub-national levels and involve local communities.
  • The application of environment and climate budget codes will be strengthened at sector and provincial levels, and the environment and climate budget allocation will be introduced into the “Budget for citizens”.
  • National investment management systems and regulatory frameworks will support socially inclusively, climate resilience and environmentally sustainable investments.
Lessons Learned

It is crucial to work through ministries of planning and finance and improve the coordination and communication within and between government institutions and develop their long-term capacities.

Environmental dimension of sustainable development shall not be left behind when addressing the poverty and broader economic growth.

Inadequate translation of poverty-environment objectives into implementation strategies and into actions on the ground is primarily driven by four gaps—policy coherence and coordination gap, capacity gap, information gap, and funding gap.

The Way Forward

With the aim of leaving no one behind, the Poverty-Environment Action project will work on the budget for citizens and on the use of natural resource revenues for the benefit of communities. While implementing these activities consultations and partnerships with local communities will be further explored. In addition, the other components of Sustainable Management of Natural resources for Resilient and Equitable Development will work directly with local communities while strengthening the capacity for pro-poor sustainable management of natural resources at the local level.

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