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Mauritania
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Project d’appui a la mise en oeuvre et au suivi des objectifs Pauvreté / Environement de la SCAPP et des politiques sectorielles en relation avec les ODD en Mauritanie (Project to support the implementation and monitoring of the Poverty / Environment objectives of the SCAPP and sectoral policies in relation to the SDGs in Mauritania)

Support implementation and monitoring of poverty-environment objectives in the national development plan and sectoral policies as a contribution to achievement of the SDGs

Partner(s)

The Ministry of Economy and Finance, Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and other development partners such as the Small Grants Programme (SGP), Programme for Enhancing Local Governance (ARTGOLD), Global Climate Change Alliance (GACC), and the Project for the amelioration and resilience of communities and their food security in the face of the effects of climate change (PAESACC).

Focus

Build institutional capacity and work to integrate poverty-environment objectives through national and sector government planning, budgeting and investment frameworks, and catalyse investments from public and private sectors to promote sustainable development.

Mainstreaming Context

Mauritania has a large number of rural poor (44.4%). Mauritania’s economy mainly depends on natural resource’s advantages of iron, gold, oil, gas and fishing. With over 75% of the land area being a desert, the country’s economy and people are extremely vulnerable to climate change. The impacts of unsustainable environment and natural resource use and the growing effects of climate change decreases Mauritania’s ability to eradicate poverty and to grow economically. The development challenge is to reduce poverty with and thorough the sustainable management of the environment and natural resources.

Main Activities

Effective implementation of strategies, policies and plans that have integrated poverty-environment aspects for poverty reduction to accelerate Sustainable Development Goals achievement.

Improve the capacity within the national institutions at national and sub-national level to develop, implement and monitor coherent policies, strategies and development plans that are pro gender and support the sustainable management of the environment and natural resources.

Deepen and broaden the application of mainstreaming tools on environmental sustainability for poverty reduction at the national, sector and district level.

Incentivize public and private sector investments that contribute to poverty reduction, environmental and natural resource sustainability, and climate resilience.

Expected Achievements

The Government of Mauritania is committed to use the implementation of Mauritania’s fifteen-year Growth and Prosperity strategy 2016-2030 (SCAPP) and the National Strategy for Sustainable Development (SNEDD) and the SDG processes as a vehicle for deepening and broadening the application of poverty-environment mainstreaming tools.

The monitoring, coordination and implementation mechanisms of poverty-environment elements of existing plans will be strengthened by the work of Poverty-Environment Action. Technical advisory services for the development of a national sustainable consumption and production strategy will be provided.

Poverty-Environment Action will work with four sectors, fishery, livestock, agriculture and mining, to deepen the integration of poverty-environment objectives in their respective strategies and related district planning processes.

A database of poverty-environment programmes and projects will be developed to identify best practices and lessons learned to inform future poverty-environment mainstreaming.

A poverty-environment awareness raising strategy will be developed targeting development partners, the private sector, government staff and other actors with a view to raise resources for poverty-environment action and harmonize interventions between different actors.

Poverty-Environment Action will assist the Ministry of Economy and Finance to integrate poverty-environment elements in the Medium-Term Expenditure Frameworks (MTEF), the budget programme and the investment plan at national and district levels, to translate poverty-environment objectives into implementation strategies and actions through increased investments from both the public and the private sector as well as development partners.

A national sustainable development database will be developed and operationalized, through which information on poverty-environment relevant indicators, such as access to clean energy, water and sanitation and the state of the environment will be collected, serving as a tool for measuring and monitoring public investments in the environment and natural resources sector.

Local capacity will be identified and built for the preparation of business cases for funding of local projects contributing to poverty and gender equality to ensure the poverty-environment nexus is addressed.

The Government will receive Poverty-Environment Action’s support on the introduction of environment budget codes.

The introduction of environmental taxation in the national fiscal system will be developed, and the environmental fiscal reform activity will aim at creating incentives for the private sector to invest in environmental sustainable activities.

Legislative approaches and tools will be promoted to incentivize the private sector to invest in poverty-environment action and build its capacity to identify opportunities and responsible business practices.

Climate vulnerability maps have been produced for two regions and are now informing the design of concrete poverty-environment actions funded by other donors.

Poverty-Environment Action in Mauritania will apply gender and tights-based approaches to effectively promote equity in the context of Poverty-Environment Action and in line with Mauritania’s national gender plan.

Lessons Learned

The development challenge is to ensure that immediate economic gains does not result in decisions and investments that are not environmentally, socially and economically sustainable in the long term.

The capacity assessments under Poverty-Environment Initiative helped to identify the problem for poverty-environment mainstreaming and its drivers. It’s essential to identify capacity gaps in policy development and coordination processes, as well as in budget and investment frameworks, which are the key barriers to increased investments in poverty-environment objectives.

The empowerment of the poor, especially of women, is critical for achieving successful poverty-environment mainstreaming and gender equality.

The Way Forward

The Poverty-Environment Action project will moreover build on the achievements and lessons learned of other gender related projects supported by UNDP Mauritania and UN Women and will seek to build partnerships and/or synergies with their ongoing programs to strengthen the influence of Poverty-Environment Action in addressing gender elements of poverty-environment challenges.

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